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我国电子玻纤生产技术发展与产品开发方向

来源:网络整合 日期:2018-8-25

 ZIERSHISHIJIJIUSHINIANDAICHUQIQI,WOGUODALUCHIYAOLASI,YOUQISHIDIANZIBOXIANXIANGYIPITENGFEIDEJUNMA,YILUCHICHENGXIANGQIAN,QIANGJINGTUIDONGZHEZHENGGEDALUDIQUBOLIXIANWEIGONGYEPENGBOFAZHAN。

  WOGUODALUBOXIANGONGYEDANSHENGYU1958NIAN,ZHIDAO1990NIAN,QUANGUOBOLIXIANWEIZONGCHANLIANGCAIDADAO8.8WANDUN。KESHI1990NIANDANSHENGCHIYAOLASIHOU,DAO2001NIAN,QUANGUOBOLIXIANWEIZONGCHANLIANGJIUDADAOLE26WANDUN,QIZHONGCHIYAOLASICHANLIANGWEI10WANDUN。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,CHIYAOLASIDANSHENGHOU,JINYONGLE11NIANGONGFU,JIUGANSHANGLEQIAN32NIANDESHENGCHANSHUIPING。

  SHENGCHANSHIJIANXIONGBIANZHENGSHI,CHIYAOLASISHIBOXIANGONGYEFAZHANDEQIANGDADONGLI,ERDIANZIBOXIANYOUSHIZAICHIYAOLASI“MUTI”ZHONGYUNYUCHENGZHANG,BINGFAZHANZHUANGDADE。

  一、电子玻纤生产技术发展

  1.1 生产技术发展历程

  WOGUOBOLIXIANWEIGONGYEDANSHENGYU1958NIAN,DANGSHICAIYONGDESHIYUANSULIANLUOHOUDEGANGUOFALASIGONGYI。CINIAN,GUOWAIXIANJINDECHIYAOLASIGONGYIDANSHENGLE,DANYOUYUGUOWAIDUICIXIANJINJISHUYANMIFENGSUO,SUIRANWOGUOZILIGENGSHENG,JIANKUCHUANGYE,JINXINGLEWUSHUCIDESHIYANYANJIU,YEQUDELEYIXIECHENGGUO,DANZUIZHONGHAISHIMEIYOUTUPOJISHU“PINGJING“,ZHIDAOSHANGGESHIJIBASHINIANDAIGUOJIASHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGZHENGCE,WOGUOBOXIANQIYECAIYONGGANDIZOUCHUGUOMEN,DADANYINJINLEGUOWAIXIANJINDECHIYAOLASIJISHU,ZHONGYUSHIWOGUOBOXIANGONGYESHENGCHANJISHUTASHANGLEFAZHANXINTAIJIE,BINGJINGLILERUXIAJIGEFAZHANJIEDUAN。

  1.1.1 消化吸收阶段

  ZHEIYIJIEDUANZI1991NIANDAO2000NIAN。1990NIAN6YUE,WOGUOBOXIANGONGYESHOUTIAOCONGRIBENQUANTAOYINJINDEWUJIANCHIYAOLASISHENGCHANXIANZAIZHUHAIJIANCHENGTOUCHAN。CIHOU,GUOJIAKEWEIJIGUOJIAJIANCAIJULIJIZUZHIQUANXINGYEJIQUANGUOYOUGUANSHEBEIZHIZAOJIDIANQIYIBIAODENGYOUGUANKEYANDANWEI,LIANHEJINXINGLESHUNIANDE“BAWU”GUOJIAZHONGDIANKEJIGONGGUAN,DUIQIQUANTAOYINJINDEJISHUYUZHUANGBEI,JINXINGLERENZHENDEXIAOHUAXISHOU,QUDELECONGYUANLIAO、YAOLU,DAOBOLIRONGZHI、XIANWEICHENGXINGJIZIDONGKONGZHI、ZHIPINJIAGONGDENGYIZHENGTAOGONGYIJISHUYUZHUANGBEICHENGGUO。

  TONGGUODUIBOLIWEIFENYUANLIAOJUNHUAYUPEIHELIAOPEIZHIJISHUDEYANJIU,SHEJILEYIJIXIEJUNHUAWEIZHU,ZHONGLIJUNHUAWEIFUDEYELASHIWEIFENJIAGONG、JUNHUASHENGCHANXIAN,HAIYANZHICHENGGONGWEIFENYUANLIAOTOULIAOJI、DANYUANYAOXIAOLIULIANGGAOYAZHONGYOURANSHAOQI、XIAFENGSHIJINSHUHUANREQI、GAOSUREFENGKAOYAORANSHAOQI、ZIDONGHUANTONGBIANPINDAJUANZHUANGLASI、ZHIJIEWUNIANCUSHALASIJI、SUIDAOSHIYUANSIHONGGANLU、DAJUANZHUANGNIANXIANJI、DAJUANZHUANGWUNIANCUSHALUOSHAJI、GANGXINGJIANGANZHIJIJIDUANQIEYUANSIZHANJIDENGDENG。

  1.1.2 巩固提高阶段

  ZHEIYIJIEDUANZI2001NIANDAO2004NIAN。ZAICIJIEDUAN,DUICHIYAOZAIPEIHELIAOZHIBEI、YAOLUREGONGKONGZHI、LOUBANWENDUKONGZHIJILASIZHUANGTAIKONGZHIDENGCHIYAOSHENGCHANHUANJIESHANGDEGONGYIYUZHUANGBEI,JINYIBUGAIJINWANSHAN,BINGCAIYONGGUOJIXIANJINDEGONGYEJISUANJIKONGZHIXITONG,ZAICHIYAOLASISHENGCHANXIANSHANGTUIGUANGYINGYONGPCLZHUANGZHI。

  ZHICI,WOGUOYIJINGWANQUANZHANGWOLECHIYAOLASIDEQUANBUGONGYIYUZHUANGBEIJISHUJUEQIAO,QIZHONGBAOKUOYUANLIAOPEIZHIHESHUSONGXITONG、YAOLUHEBOLIRONGZHIXITONG、BOLIXIANWEICHENGXINGXITONGHEBOLIXIANWEIZHIPINHOUJIAGONGXITONG。CHIYAOSHENGCHANXIANGEGONGXUZHUYAOJISHUJINGJIZHIBIAO,DADAOHUOJIEJINGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING,CHEDIDAPOLEGUOWAIDUICHIYAOLASIJISHUDEFENGSUOYULONGDUANJUMIAN,XINGCHENGLEYIZHENGTAOYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDECHIYAOLASIJISHU。

  1.1.3 蓬勃发展阶段

  ZHEIYIJIEDUANZI2005NIANKAISHI。2004NIAN,WOGUODIANZIBUSHICHANGREXIAO,JIFALEGUANGDADIANZIBUSHENGCHANCHANGJIADESHENGCHANJIJIXING,FENFENYUXIABANNIANQICAIYONGJISHUGAIZAOHUOKUOJIANXINSHENGCHANXIANDEFANGFA,YIDADAOKUODASHENGCHANDEMUDE。

  ZI2005NIANQI,WOGUOCHIYAOLASICHANLIANGLIANNIANCHIXUZENGZHANG,RU2004NIAN,QUANGUOCHIYAOLASICHANLIANGWEI41.2WANDUN,2005NIANYUESHENGWEI66WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG60.19%,2006NIANJIXUTIGAOWEI89.12WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG35.03%,2007NIANJINYIBUTIGAODAO116WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG30.16%,DADAOWOGUOBOXIANGONGYEZUIGAOLISHISHUIPING。

  CIJIEDUANDESHENGCHANJISHUTEZHENGSHI,WOGUOBOXIANGONGYEDANZUOCHIYAODENIANCHANNENGXIANHOULIANGCIDAPOSHIJIEJILU,RUJUSHIJITUANYOUXIANGONGSI2006NIAN1YUEDIANHUODECHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGWEI10WANDUN,2007NIAN3YUEDIANHUODECHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGWEI12WANDUN,DOUSHISHIJIEDIYIWEI。

  LINGWAI,NIANCHANNENG3WANDUNYISHANGDECHIYAOFENFENTOUCHAN,CHIYAORONGHUABUJITONGLUTUIGUANGYINGYONGCHUNYANGRANSHAOJISHUJIDAGONGLVDIANZHURONGJISHU,DADATIGAOLEYAOLUREXIAOLV,JIANGDILENENGYUANXIAOHAO,TONGSHICAIYONGGAOJINGDULOUBANKONGZHIJISHU,JIANGDILASILOUBANWENCHA,TIGAODANGENYUANSIZHIJINGJUNYUNLV,HAICAIYONGLOUBANGAOLIULIANGSANFENLAJISIFENLAXIANJINGONGYI,DADATIGAOLELASIDANJICHANLIANGDENGDENG。

  1.2 电子玻纤生产现状

  JIEZHI2008NIAN1JIDUZHI,WOGUODALUBOXIANXINGYEZAICHANCHIYAOHEJI54ZUO,NIANZONGCHANNENGWEI132.6WANDUN,QIZHONGZENGQIANGXINGCHIYAO31ZUO,NIANCHANNENGWEI84.2WANDUN,QUANDIANZIXINGCHIYAO 13ZUO,NIANCHANNENGWEI25.3WANDUN,HUNHEXINGCHIYAO10ZUO,NIANCHANNENG23.15WANDUN。YISHANGCHIYAODIANZISHANIANCHANNENGHEJI37.2WANDUN。

  JINRU2008NIAN,WOGUOBOXIANGONGYEXIYINGKAIMENHONG。DAXIANGDIYIPAODESHIZHONGQINGGUOJIFUHECAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI,GAIGONGSIYIZUONIANCHAN3.6WANDUNQUANDIANZIXINGCHIYAO,YU2008NIAN1YUE12RIZHENGSHIDIANHUOTOUCHAN,YUQIPEITAODE400TAIPENQIZHIJIYU2YUEFENTOUCHAN。JINJIEZHEDAXIANGDIERPAODESHIJIANTAOQINGYUANBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI,GAIGONGSIYIZUONIANCHAN3WANDUNDEQUANDIANZIXINGCHIYAO,YU2008NIAN1YUE28RIXIANGJIDIANHUOTOUCHAN,YUQIPEITAODESHI360TAIPENQIZHIJI。DAXIANGDISANPAODESHISICHUANWEIBOGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI,GAIGONGSIYIZUONIANCHAN3WANDUNDEWUJIANCHIYAOYU2008NIAN3YUEFENJIANCHENGTOUCHAN。

  JUXI,ZAI2008NIANSHANGBANNIANNEI,HAIYOUBICHENGKUNSHANBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSINIANCHAN3WANDUNDEQUANDIANZIXINGCHIYAOJITAISHANBOXIANZOUCHENGYOUXIANGONGSIDENIANCHAN6WANDUNDEHUNHEXINGCHIYAODIANHUOTOUCHAN。2008NIANXIABANNIANNEI,JUSHIJITUANCHENGDOUBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIYITIAONIANCHAN6WANDUNDEZHONGJIANBOXIANCHIYAOSHENGCHANXIAN,JIANGYU2008NIAN7YUEDIQIANZAICHENGDOUQINGBAIJIANGQUJIANCHENGTOUCHAN,TONGSHI,JUSHIJITUANGONGSIHAIYOUYITIAONIANCHAN14 DUNDEWUJIANBOXIANHUNHEYAO,JIANGYU2008NIAN8YUEDIQIAN,ZAIZHEJIANGTONGXIANG60WANDUNGONGYEYUANNEIJIANCHENGTOUCHAN,QIZHONG8WANDUNWEIZHIJIEWUNIANCUSHA,LING6WANDUNWEIDIANZISHA。

  ZHICI, QUANXINGYEGONGYONGYOUPENQIZHIJI5173TAI,DIANZIBOXIANBUNIANZONGCHANNENGDA12.7YIMI,QIZHONGZHENGZONGDIANZIBUJI11.25YIMI,FANGDIANZIBU1.45YIMI。

  MUQIAN,QUANGUOZHUYAODIANZIBUSHENGCHANCHANGJIADENIANCHANNENGRUHOU:SHANGHAIHONGHEDIANZICAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI 1.66YIMI,JIANTAOLIANZHOUBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI 1.59YIMI,BICHENGKUNSHANBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI1.03YIMI,ZHUHAIFUHUAFUHECAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI 1.0YIMI,SHANGHAIBOSHEGONGYEYOUXIANGONGSI9500WANMI,SHENZHENKAIRONGDEBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI 9000WANMI,ZHONGQINGGUOJIFUHECAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI8500WANMI,JIANTAOQINGYUANBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI7500WANMI,TAIBOTAIJIABOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI 5200WANMI,DEHONGKUNSHANBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI5100WANMI,JUSHIPANDENGDIANZIBOXIANGONGSI 5000WANMI,SICHUANTIANQUANDIANZICAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI 4000WANMI,JIANGXIZHANGJIANGBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI 3000WANMI。

  1.3我国玻纤生产发展特点

  1.3.1 池窑拉丝已成为我国玻纤工业生产技术升级换代及高速增长的强大动力,正在逐步走上有中国特色的自主创新的池窑发展道路

  ZUIJINJINIANWOGUOBOXIANGONGYEPENGBOFAZHAN,QIGAOSUDEFAZHANDONGLI,LAIZIXIANJINDECHIYAOLASIJISHU。WOGUOBOXIANGONGYEYIJINGCHEDIDAPOLEGUOWAIDUIXIANJINCHIYAOLASIJISHUHEZHUYAOZHUANGBEIDELONGDUANJUMIAN,WANQUANSHIXIANLEYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDECHENGTAOJISHUYUZHUANGBEIGUOCHANHUADEZONGTIZHANLVEMUBIAO,CONGERDAIDONGLEBOXIANXINGYEDEDAFAZHAN。

  MIAOZHUNSHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPING,FAZHANWUJIANCHIYAOLASIXIANJINSHENGCHANLI,JIANSHEGAOSHUIPINGWUJIANCHIYAOLASISHENGCHANXIANJIBOXIANZHIPINSHENGCHANXIAN,JIXUYASUOLUOHOUDEQIUFALASIGONGYISHENGCHANNENGLI,CHANPINBIAOZHUNSHIXIANYUGUOJICHANPINBIAOZHUNJIEGUI。CHIYAOLASICHENGWEIQIANGDADONGLI,CUJINLEWOGUOBOXIANGONGYESHENGCHANJISHUDESHENGJIHUANDAI,GUOCHANSHEBEIDEZIZHUCHUANGXIN,TUIDONGLEBOXIANXINGYEDESHENGCHANGAOSUZENGZHANG。

  1.3.2 无碱池窑拉丝成为玻纤工业规模化生产的主导,而其产品不断提升的质量要术,使池窑拉丝技术不断向更新、更高方向发展,整体玻纤工业进入了一个快速度、高技术、大规模、优质量及多品种的发展新阶段

  1990NIAN6YUE,ZHUHAIBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIYINJINDEWOGUOBOXIANGONGYESHOUZUOWUJIANCHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGZHIYOU4000DUN。CISHENGCHANJISHUJINGQUANXINGYEGONGGUANHOUXIAOHUAXISHOU,1997NIAN3YUE,SHANDONGTAISHANBOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSITOUCHANDEWUJIANCHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGTIGAODAO10000DUN。2003NIAN6YUE,GUANGZHOUZHONGXINSHIJIBOXIANYOUXIANGONGSITOUCHANDEWUJIANCHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGZAITIGAODAO15000DUN。2003NIAN9YUE,ZHONGQINGGUOJIFUHECAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSITOUCHANDEWUJIANCHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGDADAO30000DUN。2006NIAN1YUE,JUSHIJITUANGONGSITOUCHANDEWUJIANCHIYAO,QINIANCHANNENGGAODA100000DUN,CHUANGSHIJIEDIYIJILU。2007NIAN4YUE,GAIGONGSIZAICHUANGSHIJIEJILU,DANZUOCHIYAONIANCHANNENGDADAO120000DUN,2008NIAN8YUEDIQIAN,GAIGONGSIJIANGYOUYIZUONIANCHAN140000DUNDECHIYAODIANHUOTOUCHAN,DISANCICHUANGZAOSHIJIEJILU。